| German Shepherd
After the official establishment of the association of German Shepherds - Verein für Deutsche Schäferhunde (SV) eV with headquarters in Ausgburgu, sfederowanym the German Kennel Club - Verband für das Deusche Hundeswesen VDH, which was the founding association of race is defined as responsible for the German Shepherd breed standard developed in the first Members of the General Assembly in Frankfurt on 20 September 1899,as proposed by A. Meyer and Von Stephanitza, with additions: at the Sixth General Assembly on 28 July 1901, the XXIII General Assembly in Cologne on the Rhine on 17 September 1909, at a meeting of the Board and Advisory Council in Wiesbaden on September 5, 1930 and the meeting of the Breeding and Board on 25 March 1961, the development of the World Union for German Shepherd Dog Club-WUSV-and end on the WUSV meeting on 30 August 1976,
development and cataloging of the provisions authorizing the Board of Advisors and of 23/24 March 1991.
German Shepherd Dog which was planned breeding commenced in 1899, after the founding of the association, was bred from existing Central and then south - German owczarko - like dogs, domesticated, and in order to obtain a dog was useful for a man capable of the highest achievements. To achieve this set the standard for the breed German shepherd, which includes both the physical characteristics of the construction and character and disposition.
German Shepherd Dog is medium sized, slightly elongated, strong and well muscled, the bones dry and compact.
height at the withers for dogs is 60 cm to 65 cm, for bitches 55 cm to 60 cm. Lenth wymiwr body exceeds height at the withers by about 10 to 17%.
German Shepherd must have a balanced temperament, with strong nerves, self confidence, of absolute sincerity and be (apart from teasing) completely benign, and to be vigilant and giving nothing. Must have the courage, bitterness, and hardness to be utilized as a companion dog, guard, defense, business and pastoral
It is wedge-shaped, suitable for body size (length about 40% of height at withers) without excessive expression of gravity, or extension, the general impression dry, moderately wide between the ears. The forehead when viewed from the front and side is slightly convex and without, or only weakly marked by the central sulcus. Value-for mózgowio foreface is 50% to 50%.
Skull width is approximately equal to the length of mózgowioczaszki.Mózgowioczaszka (looking from top) tapers evenly from the ears up to the nose of the obliquely-run, not highly educated in the watershed and passes leading to a mild klinowato FACIAL (muzzle). Jaws are strongly
developed.Straight nasal bridge, saddle or wugarbienie undesirable. Lips are tight, well fitting for a dark color. Nasal plate must be
The main component of the tooth is the dentin. A tooth consists of two basic parts: the crown and root. Crown protrudes above the gum into the mouth. Root in the socket is fastened by means of periodontitis, which is protecting an tissue connecting the tooth and the alveolus wall .. on the border between the crown and neck is the neck.
Deciduous teeth (temporary)
The dog has 28 milk teeth. They fall in dogs aged 4-6 months, giving way to permanent teeth. Loss of milk teeth is due to the development and growth of permanent teeth, which are oppressing cause destruction of the surrounding blood vessels and progressive root resorption of milk teeth.
After dissolving calcium salts and other soft parts is the root of the disappearance of a milk tooth remnant hanging on the edge of the gum slowly and then falls supplanted by a permanent tooth. Teeth are dead long before falling out.
The dog has 42 permanent teeth. The upper jaw is 20, and 22 lower teeth.
According to the shape and activity stands out:
Incisors (I- Incisivi) - three on each side in each half of the upper jaw and lower jaw. The first incisor is located on the midline of the upper jaw and lower jaw, and moving him into second chopper circuit and the third incisor. Incisors adhere strictly to himself. Mandibular incisors are smaller than the upper teeth. (total 12 teeth)
Canines (C-Canini)-are the incisors. These teeth chwytnymi. When closed, mouth cavity of the jaw teeth are just before the fangs of the upper jaw. Fangs of the upper jaw are positioned almost vertically, while the lower jaw obliquely, and often parallel to it because of the construction of the jaw. (total 4
Premolars (P-Praemolares) - in their teeth properly after 4 in each half of the upper jaw and lower jaw, but it is counted from the rear to the front. The upper jaw is the largest przedtrzonowiec first tooth, and because of the usefulness of the food is called breaker .. przedtrzonowiec fourth jaw is the smallest of all przetrzonowców, and sometimes it can be missing, what is the cause of canine setting. (total 16
Molars (M-Morales) - in half of the upper jaw has 2 molars and lower jaw molars 3. In the first trzonowiec jaw, which is the largest tooth of the lower jaw is called because of its function a breaker. (total 10 teeth)
medium size, almond shaped, set slightly obliquely, niewyłupiaste, adapted to coat color, as dark as possible, expression of eyes - a lively, clever, indicating the self-confidence.
German Shepherd has ears facing a mid-size, which are worn straight and equally addressed (not pulled to the side), they are completed and małżowinami Spitz set forward. Soft or hanging ears are faulty. Ears worn worn przylegająco located to the rear while in motion or at rest are not faulty.
Should be strong, well muscled and without excess skin (dewlap). Arrangement for the body (horizontal) is about 45%.
Topline runs without visible interruption of the base of the neck by a well-shaped cloud and the very slightly sloping to the horizontal back up to slightly falling croup. The back is stiff, strong and well muscled. Loins are broad, strongly shaped and well muscled. Croup should be long and slightly sloping (about 23 degrees to the horizontal line) and without stopping the line to go in the seating of the upper tail.
It should be clearly wide, the lower part of the breast and possibly a long outstanding. Depth of chest should be about 45% to 48% of the height at the withers.
Should show a modest domed, barrel chest is as flawed as the flat and the ribs.
Goes back at least to the hock, but not beyond a measure śródstopia.Od bottom is a bit worn and abundantly hairy is a soft arc, while the excitement and the motion can be worn more elevated, but not above the horizontal line. It is prohibited to operational
Seen from the side are straight, viewed from the front of an absolutely parallel. Shoulder and upper arm are of equal length and by strong musculature strictly adhere to the body. The angle of shoulder and arm in an accident is a perfect 90 degrees, and generally up to 110 degrees. Both elbows on the stand as well as traffic may be neither protruding nor deeper than. Seen from the side of the forearms are straight and mutually parallel to each other absolutely, dry, and strongly
muscled. Pastern has a length of about 1 / 3 of the forearm and is for 20 to 22 degrees with respect to him. Both the too obliquely facing pastern (more than 22 degrees) and too steep pasterns standing (less than 20 degrees) limits the usefulness, especially for endurance. Hands are roundish, well-sealed and highlighted, pads hard, but not rough. Nails strong and dark color.
The set is a bit backward, but the hind legs viewed from the rear face parallel to each other. Upper and lower thigh are roughly the same length and form an angle of about 120 degrees, thighs are strong and well muscled. Hocks are strongly shaped and rigid, standing vertically in Hock hock joint. Hands are tight, slightly highlighted, pads hard and of dark color, strong claws, and also highlighted with a dark color.
German Shepherd is OB. Limbs must be tailored to each of the length and angulation that without significant changes in the backline hind legs could reach up under the body and front legs should reach as far in przód.Każda tendency to przekątowania hind legs reduces stiffness and strength, and therefore usefulness.When the correct proportions of the building and torturing obtained covering space, flat on the ground operating the camera movement which can appear in front of tireless service. At extreme forward head and a slightly raised tail is obtained in a quiet trot, quivering slightly, but not the dotted line extending from the tops of ears, by the neck and back, until the end of the tail.
It is (loosely) dolegająca, but without creating folds.
COLOR most common in German Shepherds are black and tan, black with reddish, brown, red, fawn or gray markings, czaprakowate wolf, ferric, from light gray to dark gray, czerwonożółte, reddish with a saddle, czaprakowate, wolf, wolf dark, uniform or with czerwonobrązowymi scheduled to białoszarych signs, a small white patch on chest and toes, or very light coat the inside of legs permissible but
undesirable. It is permissible also czarne.Umaszczenie white coat is completely unacceptable. Ointment puppy can be determined definitively until after the change of pile primary to secondary, at the end of hair growth over cover. In long-haired shepherd sometimes blue sable color (blue and tan). Excluded from breeding individuals are also white (albino) or cream, although there are recognized breed clubs. There are also German Shepherd szorstkowłose also not considered to be unacceptable
by the FCI.
The coat consists of a double coat with undercoat. The outer coat is straight, dense, hard and very tight. Rich and soft undercoat. On head, front legs and paws hair fairly short. Neck, rump, rear leg parts of the hair longer, more abundant and dense. German Shepherd sheds 2 times a
Size / weight
Males: height at withers 60cm to 65cm
Weight 30kg do 40kg
Females: height at withers 55cm do 60cm
Weight 22kg do 32kg
Dogs should explicitly have two normal testicles, which are completely in the
Any deviation from the above points should be considered as a defect, the assessment should be proportionate to the degree of deviation.
deviations from the breed characteristics described above which substantially reduces the usability. Ears Disadvantages: embedding the ear on the side too, too low, snapping their ears, disc set ears, ears are not rigid.
Considerable pigment deficiencies.
Significant shortcomings in the overall compactness .
Any deviation from the scissor bite and tooth formula, if it does not disqualify a defect (see below).
a) poor temperament, aggressive dogs and weak nerves
b) dogs with severe dysplasia shown
c) monorchidy and kryptochidy and dogs with clearly uneven or drops for young nucleis
d) Dogs with deformed ears rel. defects of the tail
e) the dogs deformed, unviable
f) of dogs with deficiencies tooth - one przedtrzonowiec 3 and another tooth - one tusk - one premolar 4 - one molar 1 or 2 - a total of three or more teeth
g) Dogs with bite faults: Overshot, undershot more than 2mm, pincer bite in the whole area of the incisors
h) of the dogs are too small or overgrown by more than 1cm
j) hair color white (also with dark eyes and nails)
the shepherd shorthair
k) shaggy hair (long, soft loosely adhering outer coat with undercoat, flags on ears and limbs fluffy trousers and fluffy tail to the creation of the banners at the bottom)
l) long hair (long, soft hair coat without undercoat, mostly divider in the middle of the back, flags on ears, legs and tail).